Belgium, Antwerp. Quentin Matsys 1466-1530, opus Digrave medal
- KOD: 4609002RMA
Belgium, Antwerp. Quentin Matsys, Antwerp 1466-1530, opus Digrave medal, Obverse: Bust and inscription in rim of Quintinus Matsys, Reverse: Inscription in center in 5 lines NATVS ANTVERPIA AN. M.CCC.L OBIIT AN. M.D.XXIX., Bronze 57,90 mm, weight 65,10 g., Condition aUNC/XF+, beautiful brown patina with luster.
Quentin Massys, Matsys, Metsys, Messys (born between 1465 and 1466 in Leuven, died 1530 in Antwerp) - Dutch painter. Founder of the Antwerp school of painting. His father was Joost Massys, a famous blacksmith in Leuven, and his mother was Katharina van Kinckem. Around 1492 Quentin married Alyt van Tuylt, with whom he had three children. He was already living in Antwerp by this time (from 1491) and was a member of the painters' guild. A year after the death of his first wife, in 1508, he married Catherina Heyns, with whom he had ten children, including Jan and Cornelis, who also became artists. Quentin Massys died as a result of an epidemic in 1530. Massys' work is a typical blend of late Gothic and Renaissance. His most famous works are two triptychs: St. Anne's Altarpiece for St. Peter's Church in Leuven and Deposition in the Tomb (St. John's Altarpiece). The distinctive features of both paintings are precision in rendering details, preservation of the laws of perspective, and at the same time extraordinary expressiveness, presentation of strong religious experiences. According to art historians, the influence of Dirk Bouts' art is evident in Massys' works. source: wikipedia
Matsys' works include A Portrait of an Elderly Man (1513), Christ presented to the People (1518-1520) (Prado), and A Grotesque Old Woman (or The Ugly Duchess) which is perhaps the best-known of his works. It served as a basis for John Tenniel's depiction of the Duchess in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. It is likely a depiction of a real person with Paget's disease, though it is sometimes said to be a metaphorical portrait of the Margaret, Countess of Tyrol, who was known as Maultasch, which, though literally translated "satchel mouth", was used to mean "ugly woman" or "whore" (because of her marital scandals). His two large triptych altarpieces The Holy Kinship or Saint Anne Altarpiece (1507–1509) and The Entombment of the Lord (1508–1511) are also highly celebrated. Commissioned for the Church of Saint Peter in Leuven, they reflect strong religious feeling and precise detailing characteristic to the majority of his works. Matsys also painted part of the altarpiece of the Convento da Madre de Deus, in Lisbon. The altar is a primitive invocation of the Seven Sorrows of Mary, with boards still evocative of "Our Lady of Sorrows","Jesus among the Doctors", "on the path to Calvary", "Calvary", "Lamentation" (all at the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga) and "Flight into Egypt" (Worcester Art Museum). Since the convent was founded by D. Leonor, Queen Dowager of King John II of Portugal and sister of King Manuel of Portugal, in 1509, it appeared that the order of this set has been performed once, with some authors (Firedlander) pointing as the date of making the frames years prior to 1511. His Christ as the Man of Sorrows is in the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles. źródło: wikipedia