France, Napoleon I Bonaparte. Medal commemorating the visit of Alexander I of Russia to Paris, 1814
- KOD: 4607109RMA
France, Napoleon I Bonaparte. Medal commemorating the visit of Alexander I of Russia to Paris, 1814, Denon, Bramsen 1464, Bronze 41 mm, weight 36,68 g., Condition aUNC, beautiful brown patina with luster.
After Napoleon I's victories and the occupation of Austria and later Prussia by his armies, Alexander I met with Napoleon I Bonaparte on July 7, 1807 in Tilsit on the Niemen River, where the two emperors concluded a peace treaty. This is because Alexander I did not want Russia to wage war against France alone, while Napoleon made various concessions to Russia. Among other things, the Bialystok oblast fell to her after she beat Prussia, while the Ternopil oblast also fell to her a year later, after another Franco-Austrian war.
Since 1811 the two emperors had been making intensive preparations for war, distrust between them had been growing and French-Russian conflicts had multiplied. In June 1812, Napoleon I Bonaparte's Grand Army, composed of all the nations of western and central continental Europe, numbering some 450,000 men, crossed the border river Neman and took the route through Smolensk to Moscow. Russia had three armies with just over 270,000 troops, which Napoleon intended to beat in separate battles. But the Russians used the tactic of retreating their main forces, destroying everything along the French army's routes of march and attacking the enemy's scattered troops and supply transports. In this situation, the capture of Moscow did nothing for Napoleon. Alexander I did not respond to his peace proposals at all, apparently counting on the looming possibility of a complete dismantling of Napoleon's army. This is also what happened. Marshal Kutuzov and "General Frost" caused only about 6% of the initial state of the Grand Army to return to their starting positions on the Niemen River. The war with the French was finally ended by the Russians in March 1814 in Paris. Alexander I spent two months in the French capital, hosted at the palace of Prince Talleyrand, who, with his help, organized the political life of France after the fall of Napoleon I Bonaparte. He later traveled to England, St. Petersburg and Vienna for a peace congress. As the "liberator of Europe" he was one of the main authors of the congress resolutions, along with Austrian Foreign Minister Clement Metternich, British representative Castlereagh, Prussian representative Hardenberg and French representative Charles Talleyrand (source: wikipedia).
The city's capitulation angered Napoleon and thwarted his plan to win the campaign, which was eventually sealed by his abdication on April 6, 1814.